For thou art not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness: neither shall evil dwell with thee. 

   The foolish shall not stand in thy sight: thou hatest all workers of iniquity. 

Psalms 5:4, 5




But fornication, and all uncleanness, or covetousness, let it not be once named among you, as becometh saints; 

    Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not convenient: but rather giving of thanks. 

  For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God. 

  Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. 

   Be not ye therefore partakers with them. 

Ephesians 5:3-7





     The minister of Christ should be a man of prayer, a man of piety; cheerful, but never coarse and rough, jesting or frivolous. A spirit of frivolity may be in keeping with the profession of clowns and theatrical performers, but it is altogether beneath the dignity of a man who is chosen to stand between the living and the dead, and to be mouth-piece for God.  GW92 46

     No Clowns in the Pulpit

     I warned you against clownishness in the desk or before the people. Do you not sometimes bring this acting into the sacred desk? You please the world; you attract the world. Is this an evidence that you are having a deep spiritual piety, sanctified to God through the Spirit?--Lt 9, 1889. 

VSS 275


     The most ancient clowns have been found in the Fifth dynasty of Egypt, around 2400 BCE.  Contrary to court jests, clown have traditionally served a socio-religious and psychological role, and traditionally the role of priest and clown have been held by the same persons.

     Clowning was developed from a broad tradition of historical performances, and it is difficult to point out a singular tradition or even a few different ones as being the primary precursors to clowns. However there are a few past prominent forms of entertainment contemporarily linked to clowning as its possible antecedents.

     Examples of historical, clown-like comedic performers have been the  pantominus in  ancient Greece, the   Lazzi of  Comedia dell’ Art, bouffons, court jesters, as well as the French mime tradition. On top of this there are many non-European clowning traditions (including clown-like figures in Japanese Kabuki theatre), North American shaman traditions to consider which may or may not have influenced what we now think of as a clown in the Western world.

     Clowns are comic performers stereotypically characterized by the grotesque image of the   circus clown’s colored wigs, stylistic makeup, outlandish costumes, unusually large footwear, and red nose, which evolved to project their actions to large audiences. Other less grotesque styles have also developed, including theatre, television, and film clowns. Peter Berger writes that "It seems plausible that folly and fools, like religion and magic, meet some deeply rooted needs in human society".  For this reason, clowning is often considered an important part of training as a physical performance discipline, partly because tricky subject matter can be dealt with, but also because it requires a high level of risk and play in the performer.

     The humour in clowning comes from the self deprecating actions of the performer, rather than the audience laughing with the performer as is common with other forms of  comedy.

     The term coulrophobia has been coined to describe those individuals who report a fear of clowns.



      “Forsake the foolish, and live; and go in the way of understanding.”

 Proverbs 9:6

     “Go from the presence of a foolish man, when thou perceivest not in him the lips of knowledge.” 

Proverbs  14:7

     “For my people is foolish, they have not known me; they are sottish children, and they have none understanding: they are wise to do evil, but to do good they have no knowledge.” 

Jeremiah 4:22

     “Hear now this, O foolish people, and without understanding; which have eyes, and see not; which have ears, and hear not:”  Jeremiah 5:21

      “And he said, I will hide my face from them, I will see what their end shall be: for they are a very froward generation, children in whom is no faith. 

       They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation. 

     For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains. 

     I will heap mischiefs upon them; I will spend mine arrows upon them. 

     They shall be burnt with hunger, and devoured with burning heat, and with bitter destruction: I will also send the teeth of beasts upon them, with the poison of serpents of the dust.” 

Deuteronomy 32:20-24



Adventist Clowns